The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published a Direct Final Rule (DFR) updating the references for fourteen voluntary consensus standards already incorporated into the formaldehyde standards for composite wood products. In addition, the DFR also allows the correlation of tests conducted through quality control methods to either ASTM E1333-14 or, with evidence of an equivalence, ASTM D6007-14.
The updated standard references are:
- ANSI A190.1-2017 Standard for Wood Products-Structural Glued Laminated Timber
- ANSI A208.1-2016 American National Standard for Particleboard
- ANSI A208.2-2016 American National Standard for Medium Density Fiberboard for Interior Applications
- ANSI-HPVA HP-1-2016 American National Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Plywood
- ASTM D5055-16 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
- ASTM D5456-14b Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
- ASTM D5582-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Levels from Wood Products Using a Desiccator
- ASTM D6007-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air from Wood Products Using a Small-Scale Chamber
- ASTM E1333-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentration in Air and Emission Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber
- BS EN ISO 12460-3:2015 Wood-Based Panels-Determination of formaldehyde release – Part 3: Gas analysis method
- BS EN ISO 12460-5:2015 Wood-based panels-Determination of formaldehyde release. Part 5: Extraction method (called the perforator method)
- JIS A1460:2015 Determination of the emission of formaldehyde from building boards-Desiccator method
- PS-1-09 Structural plywood
- PS-2-10 Performance Standard for Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels
All other standards relating to formaldehyde emission standards in the final rule of December 2016 will continue to be incorporated by reference, with future updates included in later law-making.
The Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act was signed into law in 2010, amending the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and directing the EPA to draw up regulations to implement the act. The final rule was published in December 2016 but has since been updated several times. The latest revision, the DFR, was published on October 25, 2017, with stakeholders having until November 9, 2017, to submit adverse comments. If no adverse comments were submitted, the DFR will become effective on December 11, 2017.
SGS EPA and CARB Services
Through a global network of Third Party Certification (TPC) laboratories, SGS provides the full-range of services, including certification, analytical testing and consultancy, for formaldehyde emissions in composite wood products for California, the US and worldwide markets. Learn more about SGS’s EPA and CARB Services.
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Hing Wo Tsang Ph.D
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